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Previously, we want to convey that here we will not discuss the technical and detailed understanding of MIDI. But only covered in terms of MIDI music MIDI, or MIDI files (*. MID).
Of course our ears are not familiar with the MIDI file, or more often called a MIDI only. That is a data / music program that we can playback directly on the keyboard without us having to play it. Not only that, MIDI can also be playback on computers using Media Player, or by MIDI player software. In everyday life we find the use of MIDI as ringtone cellphones, music illustration games, and even as background music singer (karaoke) are no less lively with music in MP3, CD Audio, as well as music in other formats.
Making MIDI can be done with some way.Which is most commonly done is to use the facility contained multitrack sequencer on the keyboard, or using external equipment sequencer, for example is using Micro composer. Moreover, it can also combine with the computer keyboard, with the help of a software sequencer. Sequencer software that is widely used Cakewalk, Acid, FruityLoops, Band In A Box, Voyetra and many other software that has similar capabilities.

On this occasion we will be introduced on the other techniques to make MIDI, which is practically very few people do, because the process is slightly longer and requires patience and thoroughness of its own. That made without using a MIDI keyboard or other musical instruments. What is needed here is a set of standard computer, which was equipped with a soundcard and software sequencer Cakewalk Pro Audio 9 (CWPA 9). If it does not involve any musical instrument, then how are we going to enter the music data? CWPA 9 equipped with a virtual keyboard / piano roll that we can operate using a computer mouse and keyboard, this is how we will enter all the data and its effects and even music that we need.
Do not doubt the outcome, although it made only by using a computer, but if we carefully and creatively proven results can be equated with MIDI made with other techniques that involve musical instruments.

Studying this technique is not difficult. It would be easier if we would get the musical sensitivity on average. Not that if we do not have the sensitivity to music, then we can not create MIDI. We can use the notation records a song, or more cool again using sheet arrangements that we can buy or we find on the internet. What if the last thing that too will not be fulfilled? No problem! We can speculate enter one at a time notation. If wrong we will remove them easily and then we will replace it until the notation to be correct and appropriate. Because what we'll do here is to enter the music data in stages, the notation for the sake of notation.


When we opened the program CWPA 9 for the first time, we will be asked to do the settings on the MIDI device. This setting is very important for the software to work on the tone of General MIDI (GM), which is our computer. Alternatively, this can be done with the click menu Option> Midi Device, then select the Microsoft GS wavetable SW Synth on the output port, then click Ok.


Figure 1. MIDI Device Settings

When we look at the main view CWPA 9, there are two large columns, the left and right.
Where in each large column would look into small cells which, when we browse to the bottom will stop at no. 256. These columns is a place where we will put the track musical instruments that we will create.
The left column, which reads Name, Patches, Vol, Size, etc. is where we fill in the name of the instrument along with their parameters. While the right column next to it there is a picture that resembles a ruler is where the music data that formed after we fill it later.
In making the MIDI we are not required to fill in all fields is on the left, but only the essentials, namely: Name, CHN, Vol, Pan, and Patch.
Others may we leave it alone, because some cells will be filled automatically after you insert the data notation. To get some idea about the function of the presence of cell-cell column and it please open any existing files, if the trouble to get it please download free of charge at http://www.vanbasco.com


Figure 2. Main Panel Cakewalk Pro Audio 9

Broadly speaking MIDI-making process are grouped into 5 stages.

Step 1 : Determining Tempo and time signatures (Time Signature)

Is an important step before we start making MIDI is determining the tempo (speed of music) and Time Signature (bar). If we already know exactly ideal tempo of music that we make, we can simply type it in cell tempo available. Tempo CWPA9 default is 100, but we can replace them with numbers that we ought to fit the tempo of music. Similarly the measure, should conduct further proceedings before we set the bar as the music that we will create. Can we imagine, how for example we want to make the song 'Rise to Top of Mount-ride' but bar that we set is 4 / 4 or 2 / 2, it will be very strange as it sounds, because the bars of the song should be �. To determine we can use the menu bar View> Meter / Key, default is 4 / 4, but we can replace it with angaka bar that according to the music that we will create.


Figure 3. Tempo and time signatures

Step 2 :
Creating and Filling Data Track

As already slightly alluded to above, before we stepped on stage to include some musical notation, we have to make tracks and fill the necessary data on the cell that has been available. Say we'll make the Track 1 for the lead / main track by selecting the instrument Flute. So who will we fill the data like the following:

a. Name
In this cell we are free to type a name that we want in accordance with the name of the instrument. Since we planned this track for the instrument Flute, then here we will fill it with a flute or flute or LEAD or MELODY or whatever it's up to us, which is important we understand the intention of writing it.

b. CHN
CHN is an abbreviation of the Channel. We are free to choose the number of channels from a range of numbers 1 to 16. But remember!
Avoid filling it with the number 10, because channel 10 only to track drums. Especially if we intend to fill Lyrics on MIDI that we make then you should fill it with number 4 CHN. Because if not, then the lyric which was tired-tired we write will not appear on screen keyboard, even though the sound is out according to what we want.

c. Patch
Cell this is the place for GM tone.
For the filling we could not type, but must choose one of 128 GM tones available. You do this by pressing enter or double click when the cursor is in the position of these cells. Please select one. But because of this contract we have defined Flute, then we will choose the Flute. Then click Ok.

d. Vol
Stands for Volume, which is hard weak instrument sound you want. The range of numbers from 0 to 127, which means that if we fill with the number 0 then the instrument will not be read, otherwise if we fill it with the number 127 so that audible noise is the loudest. As an example we will fill this cell with 100.

e. Pan
Panning Pan stands for, namely the balance of left and right your loud speaker. The range of the score is 0 to 127, which means that if we fill it with 0 then the sound that comes out will be heard on the far left, when we fill it with the number 127 then the sound that comes out will be heard on the far right side. And if we fill it with the number 64, then the sound will be heard in the middle (center) on the devices we monitor.

Step 3 : Load Data Notation

If we have to fill the data tracks that are needed, it is time to enter the main stage of MIDI-making, namely to include some notation. For this we will go into another worksheet called the Piano Roll. You do this by right click on the Track Name, or via the menu View> Piano Roll


Figure 4.
Piano Roll

Here we see the picture vertically elongated piano keys and the little boxes on the right.
Also be seen numbers 1,2,3,4 etc, these figures indicate the number / number of bars. In these boxes we will be entering data one by one with the notation using the mouse. It is very easy, when we already understand or know the song notation that we want to make, we can directly enter data notation into the boxes provided. If we click the picture to the left of the pencil and then we click back to the area of the boxes, then once you hear the sound and picture shown red line stretching. That data notation. We may cut, sliding to the left - right, sliding up - down to produce the sound we want. When we want to delete them, just click the image eraser (symbol bar) and then click the notation that we want to remove, then immediately notation will disappear from sight. So forth. Of course now we know that there are no significant problems in entering data notation, even if we do not understand the notation, because the piano roll is very helpful for us.
Now stop dabbling and start by making the actual song.
One more thing to note, if there is a section in a song the same, then we need not repeat again enter the same data notation. We can use the copy command sequence like the following:
Edit> Select> By Time
In From the contents of the initial number of bars that will be copied, Through the end of the bar is filled with numbers that will be copied, then Ok
Edit> Copy> Ok
Edit> Paste, Starting At Times filled in the bar numbers where we want to put the copy, the copy number of repetitions completed we want, then on What to do with existing materials we select the Replace old with new and then Ok
Then copy will soon be established we need not repeat the same notation data entry.

If all the data notation on this track we have entered, please click the Play Button. At the moment we can stop playing any time and re-fix it if there are parts that are less tasty sounding. So forth until the music sounded absolutely perfect.

To make the other tracks, such as Track Organ, Bass Track, Guitar Track, Track String, etc, do the same. We can repeat the whole step in stage 2. To be considered, we must fill with CHN numbers different for each track, while the type of instruments may be the same. Similarly, cell volume and pan, can we fill with the same number, but we certainly will fill with different numbers (as needed) if we want to get results that matched the music and the harmonious alignment of each tracks.

Step 4 : Creating and Filling the Drum Track Data / Percussi

Basically the steps to create and fill data on the track Drum music is not much different from the others. The difference is, we must fill cell CHN with the number 10, while cell patch we should leave it blank (default), meaning in this music project we will use the Standard Drum Set. How do I fill in the music data? Let us enter the piano roll drum set, how the drum tracks right-click and select piano roll.

Figure 5. Drum Roll Piano

Will we see a difference when compared to other tracks with the piano roll. In the piano roll will not be visible image is elongated vertical piano keys, but the names of instruments and drum sets percusi as his successor. While the boxes where the music remains the same data. Similarly filling way, just by filling out the other tracks of music data. In fact it can be said to include some drum notation is actually easier than the others because it is the same drum pattern from bar to bar, except the fill ins or roople. So especially for the to drum we can make only one bar only, then stay copy to another bar. Copying same process. Use a combination of copy and paste commands as described above.

If there is no difficulty with all of the above process we hope you can make and complete other tracks to form a unity song is intact, although still modest. But with spirit, discipline and high seriousness over time we will become accustomed to and able to develop their own individual features that are available on the CWPA 9.
Step 5 : Saving Work

What's the point when all our efforts to make MIDI from beginning to end is not in the store (save) it will be futile is not it? Broadly speaking, keep the work cakewalk can be categorized in 2 ways:

a. Normal Save
Music files will be stored in a cakewalk format (*. wrk)
With this storage method will only music files can be opened and played using software cakewalk. Not only CWPA 9 only, but all programs are compatible with sequencer cakewalk WRK file.

b. MIDI files
This is a common way of storage.
By saving the work as a MIDI file, then we not only music files will be opened by the cakewalk it, but can be opened by any software midi sequencer, all keyboards, and all the MIDI player that supports General MIDI (GM) and Standard MIDI FILE ( SMF)
How to use the following command sequence:
- View> SysEx> Load Bank for file 0 (the symbol of an open folder)> select gmsystem.syx> Open
- File> Save As> Define Name File> Save As Midi 0> Save

This is the end of our MIDI-making process. We'll be back on the other MIDI tutorial periodically. Good luck !


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